THE ROLE OF LECTURERS’ DEMOGRAPHIC AND PROFESSIONAL CHARACTERISTICS TOWARDS ICT UTILIZATION (THE CASE OF PAKISTANI UNIVERSITIES)
The ICT (Information & Communications Technology) utilization in instruction among university and college lecturers is gaining in prominence in many countries in the world, including Pakistan, for the purpose of globalization and enhancing the quality of instruction and learning. The purpose of the study was to examine the benefits of ICT utilization, the extent of success factors, problems and constraints encountered in ICT utilization in instruction among lecturers in universities of Islamabad. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was used to find out the level and extent of ICT utilization in universities of Islamabad. The sample from the study consisted of 260 lecturers drawn from the 14 universities of Islamabad. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation, and chi square. Results of the study shows that there are significant relationships among the 14 areas of ICT utilization, significant relationships between ICT utilization and lecturers’ characteristics, and significant relationships between ICT utilization and university demography. Also there are positive correlations between ICT utilization and some demographics such as lecturers’ age, working experience, personal experience of computer using, frequency of ICT using, computer using at home, ICT training duration, extent of ICT knowledge, awareness of ICT and ICT written / published in university. The findings of this study could be used to improve quality of theaching among lecturers and to design a training model for instruction among lecturers in the pursuit of enhancing excellence and quality of universities education.
International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand