RURAL MIGRATION PROCESSES IN MEXICAN COUNTRYSIDE
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the empirical-theoretical approaches to shrinking cities in Mexico. The study of tendencies in economic and environmental shrinkage is tied to the expressions of substantive changes in the complexity of determinant contexts of internal and migration flows. The analysis intents to answer the challenges posed by current economic and demographic tendencies, using theories and models and trying not to fall down victim of simplistic projections and conjectures and theories based more in speculations rather than on facts. The method used is the critical analysis of economic, social and political tendencies around the phenomenon of shrinking cities in México. The results of this analysis lead us to the conclusion that the shrinkage process in México, as a developing and emerging economy does not follow the same patterns as in well developed countries, where an increase in shrinking cities has been observed since the middle of the 1950s and the use of incentives in some localities to attract economic growth have had rather modest success in turning around the shrinking process. Further research on shrinking cities should be done in México. Finally, this paper analyzes some of the problems which are important for setting the agenda for future research in Mexico.
Ashley, C. and S. Maxwell (eds.) (2001). Rethinking rural development, Development Policy Review, 19 (4): 395-425.
Banco Mundial (1994). Rapid urban environmental assessment lessons from cities in the developing world. Banco Mundial. Vol. I-II. Washington, 1994.
Barney, J. (1986). Strategic factor markets: Expectations, luck and business strategy, Management Science,32: 1231-1241.
Boyle, P. and Halfacree, K. (1998). Migration into rural areas, John Wiley and Sons, Inglaterra.
Boyle, P., Halfacree, K. and Robinson, V. (1998). Exploring contemporary migration, Longman, Inglaterra.
Brown, L. (1991), Place, migration and development in the Third World, Londres, Routledge.
Castells, M. (1977). The urban question. Cambridge, MIT Press.
Champion, T. (1989). Counterurbanization. The changing pace and the nature of population deconcentration, Routledge, New York.
Champion, T. (2001). A changing demographic regime and evolving polycentric urban regions: consequences for the size, composition and distribution of city populations, Urban Studies, 38,4.
Conner, K. (1991). A historical comparison of resource-based theory and five schools of thought within industrial organization economics: Do we have a new theory of the firm?, Journal of Management, 17(1): 121-154.
Davis, B., G. Stecklov and P. Winters (2002). Domestic and international migration from rural Mexico: Disaggregating the effects of network structure and composition, Population Studies, 56: 291-309.
Fujita, M., P. Krugman and A. Venables (2000), The spatial economy: cities, regions, and international trade, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.
Geyer, H. (1996). Expanding the Theoretical Foundation of the Concept of Differential Urbanisation, Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 87 (1): 44-59.
Geyer, H. y T. Kontuly (1993). A Theoretical Foundation for the Concept of Differential Urbanisation, International Regional Science Review, 17 (2): 157-177.
Gilbert, A. (1996). The Mega-City in Latin America, Japan, United Nations University Press.
Grover, V., Teng, J. and Cheon, M. (1998). Towards a theoretically-based contingency model of information systems outsourcing, In: Strategic Sourcing of Information Systems, Willcocks, L. and Lacity, M. (Eds.), Wiley, Chichester, 79-101.
Hamel, G. and Prahalad, C. (1996). Competing for the Future, Harvard Business School Press, Paperback edition, Boston, Massachusetts.
Hatton, T. and Williamson, J. G. (2005). Global migration and the world economy: two centuries of policy and performance, MIT Press, Cambridge.
Hongchen, Y. (2008). Three essays on internal migration, Thesis for the PhD degree, University of Manitoba, Canada.
INEGI (2010). Volume and growth of total population by size of locality for each state, 2010. México.
INEGI (2000). General Population and Housing Census. México.
Johnson, K. Nucci, A. and Long, L. (2005). Population trends and non-metropolitan America: selective deconcentration and the rural rebound, Populaiton Research Policy, 24 (5).
Jones, H. R. (1990). A population geography, Sage Publications Limited (Ltd.), Londres.
Kay, C. (1999), Rural development: from agrarian reform to neoliberalism and beyond, 304 p.
Lattes, A. and Recchini de Lattes, Z. (1996). International Migration in Latin America: Patterns, Determinants and Policies, Ginebra.
Ledent, J. (1982). Rural-urban migration, urbanization and economic development. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 30: 507-503.
Long, L. and Nucci, A. (1997). The 'clean break' revisited: Is the U.S. population again deconcentrating, Environment and Planning, 29 (8).
Mathur, Vijay K., Sheldon H. Stein and Kumar, R. (1988). A dynamic model of regional population growth and decline, Journal of Regional Science, 28 (3).
Oswalt, P. (2005). Shrinking Cities, Published by Archplus Verlag Aachen.
Perez Campuzano, E. and Santos Cerquera, C. (2013). Recent trends in internal migration in Mexico. Recent migratory tendencies in Mexico. Population papers. 19, 76.
Reyes Morales, R. G. and Gijón Cruz, A. S. (2007). Rural development, international migration and shortage of financial markets in Mexico, Trace, 52: 45-62.
Ruiz Chiapetto, C. (1999). Population and rural migrations in Mexico: Hypothesis for another century Vol. II, #6, July-December.
Sassen, S. (1991). The global city. Princeton University Press.
Savage, M. (1988). The missing link? The relationship between spatial mobility and social mobility, British Journal of Sociology, 30 (4).
Seto, K. (2011). Exploring the dynamics of migration to mega-delta cities in Asia and Africa: Contemporary drivers and future scenarios, Global Environmental Change, 2.
Sobrino, J. (2014). Internal migration and size of locality in Mexico. Demographic and Urban Studies, 29(87): 443-479.
Vargas-Hernández, J. G. (2000). Economic and environmental shrinkage of Atenquique, Research in progress. Instituto tecnológico de Cd. Guzmán, Jalisco.
Vargas-Hernández, José G. (2006). Trapped development: the shrinkage of mining town Mexico. The Cerro de San Pedro Case. Working Paper. Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Guzmán.
Zelinsky, W. (1971). The Hypothesis of the Mobility Transition, Geographical Review, Vol. 61, 2: 219-249.
International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand