ADMINISTRATIVE INNOVATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT BUREAUCRACIES: CASE STUDY OF THESABAN, PHETCHABUN PROVINCE, THAILAND
Thai public sector always described as a highly centralized system, with an inflexible hierarchical structure and high levels of formal relationships channeling its communications through public enterprises and institutions. Even establishing the local administration system as an approach of decentralization, is still highly connected and governed by the central government. On the other hand, innovation in public sector studies and application in last two decades gained much interest from scholars, practitioners and even leaders and policy makers as an approach to enhance public sector efficiency and effectiveness. Accordingly, this study aims to explore innovation in the public sector in Thesaban Mueang Phetchabun Thailand.
It can represent the public sector in Thailand on a larger scale. The study evaluates the laws, structures and dynamics that constitute the framework of the local administration system. Furthermore, it explores the main constraints on innovation within the system. To develop and support the argument, which emerges from the literature review, this study employs qualitative research methods, namely interviews, as a method to collect data from various informants working in and/or with the public sector.
The results of the study indicated that the innovative administration implemented by local administrative organization was distinct and different from each other based on its own main mission. Specifically, while the top-down innovation was implemented by big local administrative organizations. The initiating process comprised three steps. First, there were meetings among involved personnel. After that, there was an attempt to network with external organizations. Finally, there were processes of monitoring and follow-up evaluation as well as the establishment of learning center. Concerning factors in relation to initiating processes, they comprised six factors which included leadership for change, corporate culture, knowledge and competency of practitioners, public participation, supports from external organizations, and social capitals.
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International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand