PRACHARATH (CIVIL STATE) POLICY FOR ALLEVIATION OF POVERTY IN THAILAND
The objective of this research is to study the Pracharath policy or People-State Partnership Model and poverty alleviation in Thailand. The research results show that in order to reduce poverty there must be a solution for all of the interrelated poverty conditions in the structural system. The solutions stemming from individual projects such as a moratorium, village funds, the Bank of the Poor etc. can be used only on a short-term basis. At the same time, socioeconomic structural reformation must be carried out. National development based on foreign investment and trade must be redirected towards human development, employment, resources’ development, and domestic market development. There is an obvious need to boost the potential and open up more opportunities for the poor, expand the tax base, develop social protection system for the most needy ones, encourage the initiation of welfare funds by communities and decentralization with the responsive budgets on the side of local authorities in order to provide better allocation of the funds concerning resource and environmental management under the local community rights.
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International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand