SECURITIZATION AGAINST SEX TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN: THE CASE OF MULTILATERAL COOPERATION IN THE MEKONG SUB-REGION
This research examines the securitization process and the effectiveness of multilateral cooperation against sex trafficking of women and children in the Mekong sub-region. It has been inspired by an open question of why the situation with sex trafficking has not improved despite the availability of a significant number of multilateral anti-trafficking mechanisms. The research analyses and evaluates anti-trafficking mechanisms of the ASEAN and COMMIT up to the mid of 2018 in the light of securitization theory and human security concept. The research concludes that anti-trafficking mechanisms within ASEAN and COMMIT have not yet adequately mitigated sex trafficking of women and children. Even though they have addressed trafficking in many different ways, some evidence shows that the ways in which they have proceeded with their anti-trafficking mechanisms have criminalized trafficked victims more than protected them. This practice is as a result of the state-centric policies instead of human-centric ones. Hence, regional mechanisms should prioritize human security and human rights when being employed to resolve security issues.
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International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand