ASPECTS OF CROSS-BORDER MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF HEALTH TOURISM
International migration of medical personnel inevitably results in a shortage of personnel in the healthcare sector in those countries from which healthcare professionals migrate. This is generally because they strive for higher wages, favorable working conditions, educational opportunities, new professional experience, and career growth. Such movements involve crossing the borders of the states. These processes result in a change in the quantitative and qualitative composition of medical personnel in both "donor" and "recipient" countries, affecting the professional structure of personnel, demographic profile, and geographical allocation. Such socioeconomic changes certainly affect the effectiveness of healthcare systems and medical care in various regions. This article presents an overview of international migration of medical personnel from the analytical point of view, analyzing its underlying causes, revealing the relationship in the movement of patients and healthcare workers in the context of health tourism, and suggesting mechanisms for regulating the migration of medical personnel.
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International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand