SYRIAN MIGRATION AND TURKISH LABOR MARKET: ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS
Migration is a multifaceted problem with social, economic and political dimensions. Following the Arab Spring, Turkey has experienced very strong migration flows from Syria since March 2011. Due to its humanity dimensions, the problem of migration has become a problem that requires taking measures on the global scale. Republic of Turkey has assumed considerable responsibility to host Syrian immigrants. As immigrants to Turkey exceeds over 3.5 mln people, various policy measures are taken with regard to incoming Syrian immigrants. Adaptation of these migrants at the job market has many obstacles. This research aims to examine the effects of immigration on economy. The global economic effects of immigration are analysed by means of using detailed statistical data. Considering the theories stressing the importance of immigration as an opportunity that creates significant changes in social structure, the migration theories are discussed, causes and economic effects of migration are analysed.
Ceritoglu, E., Gurcihan H.B.,Yunculer, Torun H., and Tümen S.(2015). The Impacts of Syrian Refugees on Natives’ Labor Market Outcomes in Turkey: Evidence from a Quasi-experimental Design. Central Bank Report, Ankara.
Del Carpio X.V. and Wagner M. (2015). The Impact of Syrian Refugees on the Turkish Labor Market, World Bank Group, Social Protection and Labor Global Practice Group, Policy Research Working Paper, 7402.
Duruel, M. (2017). The Effects Syrian Refugees On the Turkish Labor Market: Opportunities And Threats, International Journal of Economic Studies, 3(2), 207-222.
Esen, O. and Binatlı, A.O. (2017). The Impact of Syrian Refugees on the Turkish Economy: Regional Labour Market Effects, Social Sciences, 6, 129-141.
EUROSTAT (2019). Migration and Migrant Population Statistics: Statistics Explained, Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/pdfscache/1275.pdf. (Accessed at: 01.04.2019)
ILO (2004). Towards a fair deal for migrant workers in the global economy, International Labour Conference, 92nd Session, International Labour Office Geneva. ISBN 92-2-113043-6.
ILO (2018). ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers – Results and Methodology. 2nd ed. International Labour Office – Geneva.
ILO (2019). International Labour Standards on Migrant workers, International Labour Organisation, Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/global/standards/subjects-covered-by-international-labour-standards/migrant-workers/lang--en/index.htm (Accessed at : 01.04.2019)
International Organisation for Migration (2017). Migration Flows-Europe, The UN Migration Agency.
Kaygisiz, I. (2017). The Effects of Syrian refugees on Turkey Labor Market (In Turkish), Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Press, Beşiktaş-Istanbul.
Kirişci, K.(2014). Syrian Refugees and Turkey’s Challenges: Going Beyond Hospitality, The Brookings Institution, Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington Institute.
Koyuncu, A. (2016). Blessing? Ashes? Syrian Refugee and Migration Turkey's Economy (In Turkish). In: Temporary Protected Syrians in Turkey: Assessment and Recommendations, (Edts: Adem Esen, Mehmet Duman), Demokrasi Akademisi Vakfı Press, İstanbul.
Lordoğlu, K. Kıroğlu, M. M. And Tanyılmaz, K. (2004). Informal Employment and Foreign Illegal Labor Force in Turkey(In Turkish). Uginar Project Report, İstanbul.
Lordoğlu, K., and Aslan, M. (2015). Five Border Cities and Change in Labor Markets: 2011-2014. Journal of Migration, 2(2), 249-267.
MIDGMM (2019). Migration Statistics and History In Turkey, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Migration Management, Ankara-Turkey.
International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand