URBAN CREATIVE CLUSTERS AS A FACTOR OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY
In the paper the authors analyze theoretical approaches to definition and classification of creative clusters, including used by the international economic organizations. The role and influence of creative economy for modern development of the urbanized cities is shown. In the paper the production factor which is basic for creation of added value in creative economy is designated. The authors show influence of the creative industries on development of world economy using of relevant analytical materials and statistical data. On the basis of the retrospective analysis from the Russian and foreign practice experience of creation and development of the creative cities is analyzed. Such mechanisms of change of the urbanized cities’ public space as a placemaking and redevelopment are described. In the study the comparative analysis of creative economy’s key indicators of the world capitals – leaders in development of the creative environment in dynamics is carried out. Analysis is based on the data of the Global Creativity Index and the interrelation of creativity level with urban saturation and competitiveness of the countries and cities.
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International College Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand