• Vanthangpui Khobung Regional Institute of Education,National Council of Educational Research and Training NCERT, Bhopal
  • Kh Pou Kamala Nehru College, Delhi University
Keywords: gender composition, patriarchal system, Self-Help Groups, social homogeneity


On 1st of April 1999, the Government of India’s (GOI), to incorporate people’s participation in the implementation of rural development policies and programmes at the grassroots level, had launched a rural development programme called Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY). To this end, the rural poor, especially the vulnerable groups (women), were encouraged to form Self-Help Groups (SHG) in each block, with specific guidelines for operation, to avail the scheme. From gender perspective, this paper investigates into the constraints and working of SHGs in relation to the specified guidelines of the scheme in the tribal areas (Churachandpur district) of Manipur. It is found that gender composition of the group matters in income generation and saving. Those Self-Help Groups consisting men and women - Mixed Self-Help Groups (MS) - could generate more income and save more than those Self-Help Groups that consist of only women - All Women Self-Help Groups (AWS). AWS faces certain gender constraints embedded in patriarchal system like limited access to family resources, overburdening of women with domestic work, lack of social networks and exclusion of women in decision-making in society.

Author Biography

Kh Pou, Kamala Nehru College, Delhi University

Asst Professor, Ph.D

Dept. of Economics

Kamala Nehru College, Delhi University, India


APMAS and EDS Pvt. Ltd. (2006). Self-Help Groups in India: A Study of the Lights and Shades. Available at

Bardhan, P. (2002). Decentralization of Governance and Development. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(4): 185-205.

Burman, R.( 2012). Status of tribal women in India. Mainstream, L (12), 10th March 2012.

Galab, S., & Rao, N.C. (2003). Women’s SHGs: Poverty Alleviation and Empowerment. Economic and Political Weekly, March (22-29): 1274-1283.

Lele, U. (1975). The Design of Rural Development: Lessons from Africa. Washington D.C: World Bank, 20.

Meher, S. (2004). Impact of Micro-finance on Poverty: A Study of Self-Help Groups in Orissa. Journal of Rural Development. 26: 315-333.

Minimol, M. C. &Makesh, K. G. (2012).Empowering rural women in Kerala: A study on the role of Self Help Groups (SHGs).International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 4(9): 270-280.

Rahman, A. (1999). Micro-credit Initiatives for Equitable and Sustainable Development: Who Pays? World Development 27(1): 67-82.

Saravanan, M.(2016). The impact of self-help groups on the socio-economic development of rural household women in Tamil Nadu - A study. International Journal of Research - GRANTHAALAYAH, 4 (7): 22-31.

Singh, Y. (2013). Effect of self help group in economic empowerment of rural women in Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Indian Research. 1(3): 54-61.
How to Cite
Khobung, V., & Pou, K. (2017). TRIBAL SELF-HELP GROUPS IN MANIPUR: A GENDER PERSPECTIVE. The EUrASEANs: Journal on Global Socio-Economic Dynamics, (2(3), 93-105. Retrieved from